The Historical Hidden Key to Harry Potter: Why Witches and Wizards Went Underground After the English Civil War John Granger Ms. Rowling famously said to Larry King that she imagined her Harry Potter books might become "cult" hits because their meaning was not right at the surface. What meaning did she expect clever UK readers to pick up? John Granger, whom TIME magazine book critic Lev Grossman dubbed "the Dean of Harry Potter Scholars," explains the historical and theological backdrop of the defining moment in Wizard-Muggle relations the author assumed you would know. The event is the 1692 summit meeting of the International Confederation of Wizards, the seven week gathering that passed the International Statute of Wizarding Secrecy which caused the Wizarding community to disappear from the world of Muggles. Looking at the historical non-conformist Christian sects known as the Seekers and Muggletonians as well as at the wizards Agrippa, Flamel, and Everard mentioned in Potter Canon, Granger reveals that Ms. Rowling's Magical folk are the real world Christian magi and occultists whose sects were suppressed at the end of the 17th century. Granger's rollicking review of English history and Rowling's re-write of the Restoration to celebrate the non-conformists of the Radical Reformation as her Witches and Wizards will let you in on why she uses literary alchemy as the scaffolding of Harry's hero journey, why her Christian symbolism is so subtle, and what Dumbledore meant in his farewell to Harry at King's Cross. Prepare to have your thinking about Harry Potter turned upside down! John Granger writes and speaks on the intersection of literature, philosophy, faith, and culture. He's published articles in Touchstone, been a Featured and Keynote Speaker at seven academic and fan conferences and at major Universities from Princeton and Pepperdine to Yale and the University of Chicago, and is the author of Unlocking Harry Potter (Zossima, 2007), How Harry Cast His His Spell (Tyndale, 2008), The Deathly Hallows Lectures (Zossima, 2008), and Harry Potter's Bookshelf (Penguin, 2009). John was also also a finalist in the 2006 Witch Weekly 'Most Winning Smile,' house-elf division. He lives with his wife Mary and their seven Harry-loving children in Pennsylvania.